• Andreas Budi Setyobekti STT Bethel Indonesia Jakarta
  • Anggi Maringan Hasiholan STT Bethel Indonesia Jakarta
  • Avchand Charli Mogontha STT Bethel Indonesia Jakarta


The afterlife is a topic that continues to invite theological and philosophical debate, particularly in the context of Christianity, which is influenced by ecclesiastical doctrines. This research evaluates the views of Peter van Inwagen, who proposes that personal identity and survival after death are explained through the connection with the physical body, a concept referred to as "Christian Materialism." Van Inwagen argues that survival after death does not require a continuing non-physical soul, but instead depends on the physical restoration of the body. This study employs a qualitative descriptive method with text analysis and conceptual critique, comparing van Inwagen's theory with alternative theories from relevant philosophical and theological literature. The results show that van Inwagen's view faces significant criticism for replacing the traditional concept of the soul with a theory of physical resurrection, raising questions about how personal identity and consciousness are maintained after death, and the theological implications of rejecting the dualism of soul and body.


Download data is not yet available.


Allison, D. C. Night Comes: Death, Imagination, and the Last Things. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2016.

Arrington, French L. Doktrin Kristen Perspektif Pentakosta. Edited by Gernaida Krisna Pakpahan. 1st ed. Yogyakarta: ANDI, 2015.

Christi, Apin Militia. “Pengudusan Orang Percaya.” dalam Pemikiran Teolog Gereja Bethel Indonesia Tentang Teologi Pentakosta, 151–71. Jakarta: STT Bethel Indonesia, 2012.

Cooper, John W. Body, Soul, and Life Everlasting: Biblical Anthropology and the Monism-Dualism Debate. Eerdsmans]: Wm. B. Eerdmans-Lightning Source, 2000.

Erikson, Millard J. Teologi Kristen Volume Tiga. Malang: Gandum Mas, 2018.

Fischer, John Martin, and Neal A. Tognazzini. “Exploring Evil and Philosophical Failure: A Critical Notice of Peter van Inwagen’s the Problem of Evil.” Faith and Philosophy 24, no. 4 (2007): 458–74.

Gultom, Junifrius. “Pneumatologi Amos Yong dan Refleksi Misiologi (Perspektif Pentakosta/Kharismatik Indonesia).” Jurnal Antusias 2, no. 4 (2013): 157–69.

Hasiholan, Anggi Maringan. “Studi Komparatif Terhadap Pemahaman Teologi Reformed dengan Pemahaman Teologi Pentakosta Tentang Natur Manusia.” Pneumata 1, no. 1 (2020): 54–71.

Hershenov, David B. “Van Inwagen, Zimmerman, and the Materialist Conception of Resurrection.” Religious Studies 38, no. 4 (2002): 451–69.

Inwagen, Peter van. An Essay on Free Will. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.

———. “The Possibility of Resurrection.” International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9, no. 2 (1978): 114–21.

Jaworski, William. “Peter van Inwagen and the Hylomorphic Renaissance.” In Quo Vadis, Metaphysics?, 247–64, 2019.

John Paul II. Man and Women He Created: A Theology of the Body. 1st ed. Boston: Pauline Books And Media, 2006.

Mavengano, Esther, Tobias Marevesa, and Zorodzai Dube. “Re-Reading Revelation 20:1-15 from a Stylistic Approach.” Pharos Journal of Theology 101 (2020): 1–9.

Pakpahan, Gernaida Krisna R. “Telusur Karya Ruakh (Roh) dalam Perjanjian Lama.” Diegesis: Jurnal Teologi 4, no. 2 (2019): 1–14.

Ronda, Daniel. “Doktrin Tentang Surga: Relevansinya Bagi Tugas Misi Dunia.” Jurnal Jaffray 12, no. 2 (2014): 199–212.

Selan, Yunus, and Marlince Kadiwano. “Studi Perbandingan Tentang Keselamatan Dalam Kepercayaan Marapu Dengan Iman Kristen.” Jurnal Luxnos 6, no. 2 (2020): 96–120.

Setyobekti, Andreas Budi. “Mengafirmasi Kembali Nilai-Nilai Pengajaran Gereja Bethel Indonesia.” dalam Reaffirming Our Identity: Isu-Isu Terpilih Menjawab Perubahan Sekaligus Mempertahankan Identitas, edited by Junifrius Gultom and Frans Pantan. Jakarta: Bethel Press, 2014.

———. Pondasi Iman. Jakarta: Bethel Press, 2017.

Stump, Eleonore, and John Martin Fischer. “Transfer Principles and Moral Responsibility.” In Nous, 47–55, 2000.

Tan, Loe-Joo. “A Christian Theology of Life and Death.” Trinity Theological College, 2020.
How to Cite
Andreas Budi Setyobekti, Anggi Maringan Hasiholan, & Avchand Charli Mogontha. (2021). KEHIDUPAN SETELAH KEMATIAN: SUATU KRITIK TERHADAP MATERIALISASI KRISTEN PETER VAN INWAGEN. Matheo : Jurnal Teologi/Kependetaan, 11(1), 1-13.